CHPM 2030 project


PROJECT CHPM 20130 ~ Combined Heat, Power and Metal Extraction

Project coordinator: University of Miskolc / UNIM, Faculty of Earth Science & Engineering / Hungary ( Експертски тим: Éva Hartai: – Tamás Madarász: и Aranka Földessy:

Consortium: University оf Szeged / Hungary ( – European Federation of Geologists / EFG / Belgium ( – Iceland Geosurvey / ISOR / Iceland ( – Natural Environment Research Council / NERC / British Geological Survey / UK ( – National Laboratory of Energy and Geology / LNEG / Portugal ( – Flemish Institute for Technological Research / VITO / Belgium – ( – La Palma Research Centre / LPRC / Spain ( – Agency for International Mineral Policy / MINPOL / Austria ( – Geological Institute of Romania / IGR / Romania ( – Ku Leuven, Dept. Materials Engineering / Belgium ( – Geological Survey Of Sweden / SGU / sweden (

Linked third parties: Czech Union of Geological Associations / Czech Republic ( – Finnish Union of Environmental Professionals / Finland ( – French Geological Society / France ( – Professional Association of German Geoscientists / Germany ( – Association of Greek Geologists / Greece ( – Hungarian Geological Society / Hungary ( – Institute of Geologists of Ireland / Ireland ( – Italian National Council of Geologists / Italy ( – Royal Geological and Mining Society of The Netherlands / The Netherlands ( – Polish Association of Minerals Asset Valuators / Poland ( – Association of Portuguese Geologists / Portugal ( – Serbian Geological Society / Serbia ( – Slovenian Geological Society / Slovenia ( – Official Spanish Association of Professional Geologists / Spain ( – Swiss Association of Geologists / Switzerland ( – Ukrainian Association of Geologists / Ukraine – ( – Royal Belgian Institute Of Natural Sciences / Belgium (

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This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement nº654100.
Project duration: 1 January 2016 – 30 June 2019

The European Union has committed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and contribute to a comprehensive transition towards a low carbon economy. Deep geothermal energy is a key technology towards this goal, producing both heat and electricity and being available almost anywhere. The main challenge we face is to reduce the capital and operation costs of Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS). Europe faces another major challenge: securing the supply of critical raw materials, in particular metals, for European industry. This is made worse by the decreasing number of operational mines within Europe. Thus, our dependency on importing metals is growing every year, despite significant efforts in the development of recycling technologies and in material science. However, significant metal deposits (ore bodies) do exist well below the depths of conventional mining. Temperatures at such depths are high, and there is evidence of metal-rich waters within existing geothermal power plants.

The CHPM2030 project is defining a technology pathway that could substantially decrease Europe’s dependency on both the import of critical metallic minerals and of energy. The project aims at new concepts coupling the production of geothermal energy and metals and thus improving the economic viability of EGS projects. This will require novel methods to identify and manipulate suitable metal bearing formations using a combination of geoengineering and advanced electrochemical methods. The CHPM2030 project aims to create a proof of concept of the technical and economic feasibility of this at a laboratory scale. Although there are many research needs to make such facility a reality by 2030, the present project, running until mid 2019, focuses on laboratory investigations for the technology of in-situ leaching, electrochemical metal extraction, harvesting electrochemical energy, systems integration for a new type of facility, and includes the development of concepts for a new type of plant, economic feasibility modelling and environmental viability simulations for the proposed technology scenarios.

Using state of the art geothermal energy developments, the most recent geo-scientific data on mineral deposit structures, extensive laboratory experiments and simulations, and supported by new predictive models of ore genesis, the project will develop:

• A proof of concept for the technological and economic feasibility of mobilisation of metals from ultra-deep mineral deposits combining geo-engineering techniques, in order to enhance the natural interconnected fracture systems within the orebody;

• Innovative pathways for leaching strategic metals from geological formations, and corresponding electrochemical methods for metal removal and recovery on the surface;
• Metallic-mineral formation specific solutions for the co-generation of electricity using saltgradient power reverse electrodialysis;
• A new conceptual framework that increases the total number of economically viable geothermal resources in Europe;
• Economic feasibility assessment models to be applied for such new facilities;
• An integrated feasibility assessment framework for evaluating the economic, environmental and social impacts of the proposed new technology;
• Combined metallogenic models and geothermal datasets, in order to develop a database of suitable areas as case-studies in Europe where such developments could be feasible;
• A roadmap in support of the pilot implementation of such system by the year 2030, the full-scale commercial implementation before 2050.A proof of concept for the technological and economic feasibility of mobilisation of metals from ultra-deep mineral deposits combining geo-engineering techniques, in order to enhance the natural interconnected fracture systems within the orebody;




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